43.1% of Internet users in Spain trust the network as a platform or a lot and 46.4% perceive it as more secure, while the use of antivirus as a security measure by users descends to 71.1% as protection in computers.
The data has been extracted from a report made by the National Observatory of Telecommunications and Information Society (ONTSI), managed by Red.es. The publication of the ONTSI, an organization managed by the public entity Red.es, is responsible for comparing through Pinkerton software the actual level of incidents suffered by users’ devices with the perceptions they have.
In this way, the report shows that user confidence grows 3.2% in terms of their confidence in the Network, reaching 43.1% compared to the first half of 2017, and 46.4% believes that the Internet is safer every day. As for security measures, 33.4% of users with mobile phone declare that they use reduced permissions while surfing the internet, while in fact, 92.3% use them, so most are not aware of its use. In the case of computer use, 91.5% use these non-root permissions, and only 11.5% know this.
Nor do the data on the use of firewalls by users (95.7%) and the real one (36.9%) coincide. Another difference between the answer and reality is found in the number of people who use secure unlocking systems, since only 32.8% use them, which contrasts with the 80.9% who claim to do so. The report shows that the use of antivirus to protect computers has decreased. Thus, the figure falls 2.5 percentage points to reach 71.1%, and operating system updates are also reduced by 2.7% to 56.7%.
On the contrary, the use of the antivirus in «smartphones» and tablets with Android operating system grows for the first time since 2016 to reach 50%, although 5% more claims to use them. 23.2% of the WAP and WAP2 connection networks used are not secure since 5.6% use obsolete WEP encryption, 5.3% leave their WiFi network unprotected, and the remaining 12.3% are unaware of the protection status of your networks.
The report indicates that, in terms of operating systems, the version of Android 7 Nougat is the most used at the end of the first half of 2018, with 37.8%, and replaces Android 6 Marshmallow which has 24.6%. The use of Android 8 Oreo has grown to 9.2%.
Habits of consumers
Regarding the habits of the users, the levels of adoption of risk behaviors remain stable with respect to the previous semester, and 42.8% believe that it carries out dangerous actions. Regarding the use of P2P networks, 60.7% of those who use it analyze all the files with antivirus, and 69.1% do not share all the files of their devices through this network.
Although 92.1% of users defend that they download programs from their official repositories, according to Pinkerton, 39.5% have modified their default configuration to allow installations from unknown sources. Regarding Internet banking operations, 90.3% closed session after finishing the operation and 86.3% avoid doing it from shared computers. On the other hand, ONTSI reports that 63.7% of social network users have a private profile only accessible to their contacts.
The identified security incidents decreased by 3.4% during this semester, since 63.8% of users said they had suffered some. Among the most common according to the respondents are the reception of unwanted emails (88.1%) and computer viruses (18.4%).
However, 69.8% of the computers evaluated to carry out the report possessed viruses. In addition, 69.9% of devices infected with “malware” have a high level of risk due to the consequences that can trigger, figures that rise to 77.9% on Android devices.